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Best Practice for Tyre Maintenance and Achieving the Right Tyre Pressure

Updated: Oct 17, 2023

There's no denying that tyres play a crucial role in our vehicles. They are the only point of contact between your vehicle and the road, carrying the entire weight of your vehicle and ensuring a safe journey. Therefore, maintaining proper tyre pressure and keeping your tyres in good condition is crucial for your safety and economy.


Understanding the importance of correct tyre pressure and maintenance is essential for every driver. It's not just about extending the life of your tyres, it's also about improving fuel efficiency, reducing CO2 emissions, and most importantly, ensuring your safety on the road.

car tyre
car tyre

Importance of Tyre Maintenance and Proper Tyre Pressure

Maintaining proper tyre pressure is critical for many reasons. Correct air pressure helps distribute the weight of your vehicle evenly across the tyre’s tread pattern, ensuring that the tyre and the vehicle itself are at their most stable. When a tyre is over- or under-inflated, stability is compromised, negatively affecting handling, cornering, and stopping.

Benefits of Maintaining the Right Tyre Pressure

Besides saving fuel and money and minimizing emissions, proper tyre inflation is safer and less likely to fail at high speeds. Under-inflated tyres make for longer stopping distances and will skid longer on wet surfaces. Also, properly inflated tyres will last longer as they wear more evenly.

Tyre Maintenance Tips

Maintaining your tyres in good shape is as important as maintaining the right tyre pressure. Here are some tips to help you keep your tyres in top condition:

Regularly Inspect Your Tyres

Make it a habit to inspect your tyres regularly. Look for any noticeable cuts, punctures, bulges, or objects stuck in the tread. If you notice anything unusual, it's best to have your tyre checked by a professional to prevent any potential issues.

Check for Wear and Tear

Over time, your tyres will naturally wear out. However, uneven wear can be a red flag, indicating problems such as misalignment or improper inflation. Regularly checking your tyres for wear can help you spot these issues early and prevent unnecessary damage.

Rotate Your Tyres

Rotating your tyres is another essential step in tyre maintenance. Because the front and rear tyres perform different tasks, they tend to wear at different rates. By rotating them regularly, you can ensure they wear more evenly, extending their lifespan.

tyre rotation
tyre rotation

Maintain Proper Wheel Alignment

Wheel alignment is crucial for proper handling and tyre wear. Misalignment can lead to uneven tyre wear and poor handling. Therefore, it's a good idea to have your wheels aligned by professionals regularly.

Achieving the Right Tyre Pressure

Knowing the correct tyre pressure for your vehicle is one thing; achieving and maintaining it is another. Let's delve into how you can achieve the right tyre pressure:

pumping air tyre
pumping air tyre

Understanding the Recommended Tyre Pressure

The recommended tyre pressure for your vehicle can usually be found on a sticker inside the driver's door or in the owner's manual. Most passenger cars recommend 32 psi to 35 psi in the tyres when they're cold. Remember, tyre pressure should always be checked when the tyres are cold, meaning they haven't been driven for at least three hours.

How to Check Tyre Pressure

To check tyre pressure at home, you need a Tyre Pressure Gauge (Digital or Regular), an Air Compressor, and pen and paper or your phone. Begin the process with cold tyres. Unscrew the valve cap and press the tyre gauge onto the valve stem hard enough until the hissing sound disappears. Note down the readings of each tyre and compare them with the ideal psi specified by the manufacturer.

Adjusting Tyre Pressure

If your tyres are underinflated, use the air compressor to fill your tyres. It's okay to overinflate a bit when filling the tyres, as you can let the air out with the gauge. After filling the tyres, check the tyre pressure again using your tyre pressure gauge and adjust accordingly.

Factors Affecting Tyre Pressure

Tyre pressure can change considerably due to factors like temperature changes. For every 10 degrees F change in ambient temperature, tyre pressure will change by approximately 1 PSI. That's why it's crucial to check tyre pressure during different seasons or sudden temperature changes.

Benefits of Proper Tyre Maintenance and Tyre Pressure

Proper tyre maintenance and correct tyre pressure offer several benefits. Let's explore some of those:

Improved Fuel Efficiency

One of the significant benefits of maintaining the right tyre pressure is improved fuel efficiency. Underinflated tyres can increase fuel consumption by causing higher rolling resistance. According to a Michelin study, a 1-bar of pressure drop could increase your fuel consumption by 3-5%.

Enhanced Safety

Correct tyre pressure enhances safety by providing better handling, cornering, and stopping. Underinflated tyres lead to longer stopping distances and are more likely to skid on wet surfaces. Overinflated tyres, on the other hand, can decrease traction and increase the risk of a blowout.

Extended Tyre Lifespan

Properly inflated tyres wear more evenly, thus extending their lifespan. Conversely, underinflation or overinflation can cause premature tyre wear.

Better Handling and Performance

Correct tyre pressure ensures optimum vehicle performance. It allows for better vehicle control, improves ride comfort, and reduces tyre noise. In contrast, incorrect tyre pressure can negatively impact vehicle handling and performance.


As we have seen, maintaining the right tyre pressure and regular tyre maintenance is not just about extending the life of your tyres. It's about ensuring your safety, improving fuel efficiency, reducing emissions, and enjoying a smoother ride. So, never underestimate the importance of tyre maintenance and achieving the right tyre pressure.

Contact us at 97127445 or visit our car workshop at Caltex 3781 Jalan Bukit Merah and our friendly mechanics will be happy to assist you.

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